23 50








% Protected

Bulgaria is home to Europe’s greatest remaining natural treasures, a belt of wilderness in the Carpathian mountains known as the Green Heart of Europe. Bulgaria is the proud custodian of this primal region which is covered in thick forests and intact wetlands. Outside of this area, the natural habitat is fragmented and in need of restoration.

Fotinovo Waterfalls, Bulgaria. Photo by Borislav Zlatkov.

Bulgaria's Ecology

The virgin forests of Bulgaria’s Carpathian mountains are dark and wild, coursing with both terrestrial and aquatic predators: the wolf, lynx, bear, and the great seven meter long Beluga sturgeon, an ancient fish that survived the dinosaurs, but now confronts the precipice of extinction. Continuing to protect the Carpathian mountains provides a living record of Europe’s wild past. Working to restore habitat outside Carpathia will create a more resilient future for the people of Bulgaria.

Half (Mission Achieved)

Ecologically intact & protected landscapes comprise 50% or more of this country.

Can Reach Half

Intact landscapes lacking protected status comprise 50% or more of this country.

Could Be Restored

Between 20-40% of landscapes are still ecologically intact.


Less than 20% of the natural ecology of this area is intact.

The Nature Needs Half movement is only as strong as its member organizations. Discover more about the individuals and organizations who have committed to protecting 50% of the planet by 2050.
Become a Member


Central Balkan National Park, Bulgaria. Photo by Pay Guy.
Central Balkan National Park

One of the world’s most important intact wilderness areas, it is an ecologically resilient region abundant with natural and cultural significance.

Etruscan Pygmy Shrew, Bulgaria. Photo by Trebol_A.
Lake Atanasovsko

A strict nature reserve, Atanasovsko is a coastal salt lake near the Black Sea. The lake is home to seven endangered plant species and the world’s smallest mammal, the Etruscan pygmy shrew.

Bulgaria eco region Belasitsa Nature Park
Belasitsa Nature Park

Over 1500 plant species have been discovered in this 45 square kilometer region. It is also home to protected animals including the Orpheus and Olive tree warblers.  

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