13 50








% Protected

A diverse and densely populated country, Mexico’s territory is near equal parts Half Protected, Nature Could Reach Half, Nature Could Be Restored, and Imperiled. While most of Baja is nearly half protected, Mexico’s central and northeastern lands suffer greatly from overuse.

Puerto Escondido, Mexico. Photo by Mitch Lensink.

Mexico's Ecology

Thousands of years ago, human communities independently developed agriculture on Mexico’s fertile land. Since then, humans have depended on soil fertility and sufficient water to survive and thrive in this ancient center of civilization. In a country with no formal concept of “wilderness,” Mexico’s challenge is to grant nature the space she needs to function for the benefit of all life in Mexico, both civilized and wild.

Half (Mission Achieved)

Ecologically intact & protected landscapes comprise 50% or more of this country.

Can Reach Half

Intact landscapes lacking protected status comprise 50% or more of this country.

Could Be Restored

Between 20-40% of landscapes are still ecologically intact.


Less than 20% of the natural ecology of this area is intact.



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Cumbres de Monterrey National Park, Mexico. Photo by Nathaniel C. Sheetz.
Cumbres de Monterrey National Park

This park was established in 1939 to protect against the spreading urbanization of Monterrey. It boasts 1,777 square kilometers of deep canyons and waterfalls.

Harpy Eagle, Mexico. Photo courtesy of the Creative Commons.
Selva Zoque

The traditional home of the Zoque people, this park protects a rich cultural heritage and a vital biological corridor between Mexico and Central America.

Cozumel, Mexico. Photo by Vlad Tchompalov.
Isla Cozumel

With a vibrant tourism economy, this area enhances economic resources while protecting vital marine habitat, although overuse has led to degradation.

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