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% Protected

Slovakia’s protection of the Carpathian mountains, Eastern Europe’s western most mountain range, is consistent with European Union directives and has preserved critical habitat for large carnivores, like the wolf. Challenges emerge as local communities clamor for greater economic development, requiring innovative new solutions if nature is to be restored throughout Slovakia.

Vysoke Tatry, Slovakia. Photo by Katerina Bartosova.

Slovakia's Ecology

The forests of Slovakia’s Carpathian mountain range continue to be some of the wildest in Europe. And their wild abundance supports healthy wildlife populations. In fact, 200-400 wolves roam nearly 40% of Slovakia’s landscape, and are sustained by the rich life reserves in protected areas. Continuing the protection and restoration of Slovakia’s wild nature will require new approaches to managing wildlands while simultaneously providing direct benefits to human communities. Wild working landscapes, as implemented by the Flying D Ranch in the American West, is a possible model for Slovakia.

Half (Mission Achieved)

Ecologically intact & protected landscapes comprise 50% or more of this country.

Can Reach Half

Intact landscapes lacking protected status comprise 50% or more of this country.

Could Be Restored

Between 20-40% of landscapes are still ecologically intact.


Less than 20% of the natural ecology of this area is intact.


Rewilding Europe

Making Europe a wilder place, with more space for wild nature, wildlife and natural processes, and exploring new ways for people to enjoy and earn a fair living from the wild.

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The Nature Needs Half movement is only as strong as its member organizations. Discover more about the individuals and organizations who have committed to protecting 50% of the planet by 2050.
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Migrating swans. Photo by Lisa Wheatley.
Latorica Protected Landscape Area

Unique in Slovakian ecology, this alluvial wetland area is a nesting ground of international significance and supports iconic bird species throughout Europe.

Forest in Slovakia. Photo by Peter Oslanec.
Horná Orava Protected Landscape Area

While this region is dominated by beech and fir trees, it is its peat bogs that make it unique among Slovakia’s protected areas. These shelter many threatened species.

High Tatra, Slovakia. Photo by Balint Kulcsar.
Tatra National Park

Slovakia’s oldest national park, this region is home to the rare Tatra chamois and  several notable ice age relicts including the fairy shrimp and the spotted nutcracker.

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