28 50








% Protected

Spain’s network of protected areas provides valuable economic opportunities for the country. But much of the natural habitat outside of these areas has been degraded, and now there are few remaining patches of intact wild landscape. Rewilding the Spanish landscape will be necessary to improve opportunities for Spain’s nature to flourish.

Malaga, Spain. Photo by Elvis Bekmanis.

Spain's Ecology

Spain is investing in nature and improving the connectivity of its wild areas in the process. This effort includes the establishment of important transboundary protected areas between Portugal and Morocco. These areas, in addition to being an economic boon, are foundational to the survival of the most endangered cat species in the world, the Iberian Lynx, and other threatened species including: the Mediterranean Monk Seal, the Hierro Giant Lizard, and the Canary big-eared bat.

Half (Mission Achieved)

Ecologically intact & protected landscapes comprise 50% or more of this country.

Can Reach Half

Intact landscapes lacking protected status comprise 50% or more of this country.

Could Be Restored

Between 20-40% of landscapes are still ecologically intact.


Less than 20% of the natural ecology of this area is intact.


Rewilding Europe

Making Europe a wilder place, with more space for wild nature, wildlife and natural processes, and exploring new ways for people to enjoy and earn a fair living from the wild.

Learn More
The Nature Needs Half movement is only as strong as its member organizations. Discover more about the individuals and organizations who have committed to protecting 50% of the planet by 2050.
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Southern coast of Spain. Photo by Paul Hermann.
Intercontinental Biosphere Reserve of the Mediterranean

Combining Morocco’s Tingitane Peninsula and the Iberian Peninsula of Spain, this region provides important safeguards for freshwater and saltwater fish, and rare types of flora.

Iberian lynx eating bird. Photo courtesy of the Creative Commons.
Doñana National Park

Sheltering the Iberian lynx, European and African migratory birds, and the Spanish imperial eagle, this marshy area is under threat of too much drainage for agriculture.

Bird of prey, Spain. Photo by Francisco Moreno.
Picos de Europa National Park

Within the boundaries of three autonomous communities, this national park is a model for how human communities and nature can thrive together.

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